The objects and documents are the property of male prisoners who had served time in prisons in the German Reich between 1940 and 1945. Their owners came from Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Poland. The existing documentation states the reasons for their imprisonment briefly. Sometimes registration codes of the indictment and the court ruling documentation are available in the registration books of prisons. At the time of their arrests the majority of the owners lived in Germany to work there. Most were accused of economic offenses. One French and three Dutch nationals were arrested in their home countries and brought to Germany after being judged by courts of the German army. A copy of the elaborate court rulingof the German army exists for two of the Dutch nationals. It allows a glimpse of the resistance activities of the two prisoners and further members of their group.
Organization and Arrangement
The belongings are sorted alphabetically according to the names of their owners.
History of Ownership
The provenience of the belongings of 12 prisoners cannot be described precisely. The names of the owners had been typed on the paper bags which hold their belongings. With the help of the documentation existing at the ITS most of the owners could be identified. Dates of birth, nationalities and the various stations of their prison terms in Germany are recorded in collections held at the ITS. The reason for their imprisonment cannot be established for all of them from the available documentation. Even if the documentation of the prison terms, i.e. the records which prove that a prisoner was sent from one prison to another, is, most likely, incomplete, there are similarities between the prisoners’ fates. This allows for an educated assumption about the areas from which these belongings were sent to the ITS.
According to the available documentation, seven prisoners were imprisoned in an area that later became the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein at the end of the war. It is very likely that their belongings reached the ITS from there(see Document ID 121984635). For three other prisoners there is but a brief note about the amounts of money taken from them. They had spent some time in a prison in Bavaria together. Two of them were later sent to another prison in a region that would later become Saxony-Anhalt. Thus it is likely that the notice mentioned came from Bavaria.
Two further persons could not be identified precisely. Therefore, no statement about how the belongings made their way to the ITS can be provided.
Digital copies of ITS fonds/ collections are available at:
Archives de l'État en Belgique, Brussels, Belgium Archives Nationales, Pierrefitte-sur-Seine, France Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, Israel Centre de Documentation et de Recherche sur la Résistance, Luxembourg Instytut Pamięci Narodowej (IPN), Warsaw, Poland The Wiener Library, London, United Kingdom US Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), Washington, D.C., USA